Pentagon nog niet optimistisch over Afghanistan

Slechts in een kwart van de belangrijkste Afghaanse regio’s staat de bevolking achter de regering-Karzai. In de andere regio’s steunt zij de Taliban. Daarbij blijken de opstandelingen
over voldoende rekruten en wapens te kunnen beschikken, en passen zij steeds effectievere tactieken toe. Naar verwachting zal de Taliban zijn operaties uitbreiden, zowel qua intensiteit als geografisch. Zo vermeldt de recente half-jaarlijkse evaluatie van het Pentagon voor het Congres.

Redenen voor de loyaliteit aan de Taliban zijn de impopulariteit van de, als corrupt en incompetent beoordeelde, regering –  en de harde afstraffingen van ‘overlopers’ door de Taliban.
Positief is, dat de Afghaanse bevolking zich veiliger zegt te voelen dan een jaar geleden.

Hoewel in het rapport vertrouwen wordt uitgesproken in de Amerikaanse ‘counter-insurgency’ aanpak met meer militairen, blijkt dat het streven om spoedig de verantwoordelijkheid voor de veiligheid en stabiliteit over te dragen aan regeringstroepen geen gemakkelijke zaak zal zijn.
President Karzai heeft in november gezegd dat deze overdracht binnen drie tot vijf jaren plaats kan vinden, terwijl president Obama m.i.v. juli 2011 hiermee wil beginnen.

Het grondige evaluatierapport (149 blz) is verplichte leesstof voor eenieder die zich wil (of moet) verdiepen in de situatie en ontwikkelingen in Afghanistan. Zo blijkt bijv. duidelijk de grote behoefte aan opleiders voor de Afghan National Army (ANA) en Police (ANP). In dit verband lijkt het initiatief van GroenLinks en D66 in de Tweede Kamer om Nederlandse opleiders voor de ANP uit te zenden, een goed streven. Anderzijds bekruipt mij tijdens lezing de vrees dat ‘wij’ daar bezig zijn aan een klus die heel lang zal duren om succesvol te zijn – zo ooit.

Hieronder delen uit het rapport en links naar enkele artikelen erover.

Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan

 

…NATO Allies and partners have noted that they are cautiously optimistic of the success of the ISAF mission. Many national leaders, however, express concern over popular support within their countries, which has contributed to continued capability gaps in the CJSOR from contributions not filled by international partners. Most notable is the requirement for trainers and mentors to support development of the ANSF. We are presently filling the requirements for training and partnering through a combination of embedded partnering of operational units and ETTs. The CJSOR identified a need for 180 OMLTs for the ANA in 2010. Presently, there are 76 U.S. OMLTs committed, 64 international OMLTs deployed, with an additional 23 international OMLTs offered, leaving a need for 17 additional OMLTs to provide training and mentoring in RC-North, RC-Capital, and RC-West. The CJSOR identified a total need for 475 POMLTs to train and mentor the ANP in 2010. Presently, there are 279 U.S. POMLTs committed, 28 international POMLTs deployed, 60 international POMLTs offered, with a requirement for 108 additional POMLTs to successfully carry out the training and mentoring mission for the ANP. A typical OMLT/POMLT consists of 40 personnel.

In addition, the Dutch Government plan to withdraw its forces from Uruzgan, anticipated to begin in August 2010 and to be completed by December 2010, and the planned withdrawal of Canadian forces in 2011, will create demands for additional forces in the near future…

 

Security and stability conditions in the 80 Key Terrain districts and 41 Area of Interest districts are presently far from satisfactory. ..

 

The overall assessment indicates that the population sympathizes with or supports the Afghan Government in 24% (29 of 121) of all Key Terrain and Area of Interest districts. The establishment of effective governance is a critical enabler for improving development and security. As the operational plan progresses, ISAF is working closely with the Government of Afghanistan and the international community to coordinate and synchronize governance and development in the 48 focus districts prioritized for 2010…

 

Currently 35% (42 of 121) of the Key Terrain and Area of Interest districts are assessed favorably at the “occasional threats”13 level or better.

Although the overall security situation has stabilized somewhat since the end of 2009, violence during the current reporting period is still double that for the same period in 2008-2009. However, some individual islands of security exist in the sea of instability and insecurity…

 

Although widespread insurgent influence remains, a high percentage (84%) of Afghans feel that security is either “good” or “fair” in their mantaqa (area). Additionally, 44% of respondents rated security as “good.” While these numbers represent a decline compared to the previous quarter, they are still relatively good compared to historical trends…

 

Maintaining Afghan population support for ISAF and its mission is critical for two reasons. First, ISAF is closely linked with the Government of Afghanistan and is working actively to assist the government in taking steps to increase its competence, effectiveness, legitimacy and acceptance. Critical to this is ISAF’s ability to maintain the support of the Afghan people in order to realize desired gains. Second, popular support is a prerequisite for success in a COIN campaign; the alternative is popular support for the insurgency, which renders the ISAF mission unachievable.

Afghan popular support for ISAF and its mission is variable; however, a decline in Afghan perceptions toward ISAF has been evident over the last quarter…

 

The overall trend of violence throughout the country has gradually decreased since the peak reached during the August 2009 election. However, the overall violence trend during this reporting period is significantly increased from previous reporting periods. Violence is sharply above the seasonal average for the previous year – an 87% increase from February 2009 to March 2010…

 

Civilian casualties (CIVCAS) is a strategic issue that will impact the success and progress of the U.S. and international community in Afghanistan. Minimizing the number and magnitude of CIVCAS incidents is critically important, as is the need to effectively manage the consequences of such incidents when they do occur. The insurgents are responsible for 80% of CIVCAS. However, insurgents can exploit and manipulate CIVCAS events to their advantage, while U.S. and international forces are held accountable by the Afghan population for all incidents where there are CIVCAS.

Data indicate that ISAF is reducing the number of CIVCAS incidents. The numbers of CIVCAS caused by ISAF have fallen in relation to the size of the force and despite an increase in OPTEMPO…

 

A national survey completed in March 2010 indicates that 59% of Afghans believe their government is headed in the right direction, an increase of 0.5% over December 2009 and 8% over September 2009. However, more than 83% reported that corruption affects their daily life. Despite the prevalence of corruption, 45% reported confidence in the national government, an increase of 6% over September 2009. Sub-national governance projects were largely stalled during the fourth quarter of 2009 due to increased insecurity and an extended and controversial presidential election process. Figure 15 provides an assessment of district-level governance in Afghanistan as of March.

While improving the security situation is a vital first step, progress made improving the security environment cannot be sustained in the long term without parallel improvements in governance and development. A consolidated approach is crucial to the eventual success or failure of the ISAF mission. Additionally, although ISAF plays only a supporting role in the extension of governance and socio-economic development in Afghanistan, it must continue to use focused key leader engagement to highlight issues and work in partnership with the Government of Afghanistan to develop and implement solutions that promote positive changes in governance…

 

In March 2010, 30% of Afghans believed that the government was less corrupt than one year prior while only 24% believed that it was more corrupt. Eighty-three percent of Afghans stated that government corruption affected their daily lives — a 1% decrease from December 2009 but still 4% higher than September 2009. Twenty-nine percent of Afghans believed their president to be corrupt, while 33% believed their provincial governor to be corrupt, and 34% believed their district governor to be corrupt. These results actually represent drops of 5% from the previous quarter (a positive indicator).21

Despite their feelings about government corruption, Afghans’ confidence in their government reached a new high (since polling started in September 2008). Between September and March of 2009, Afghan confidence in the national administration increased by six percentage points to 45%, confidence in the provincial governor increased by five percentage points to 47%, and confidence in the district governors increased by six percentage points to 44%. When asked if the government was heading “in the right direction,” 59% of Afghans responded “yes.” This represents an increase of eight percent over the previous September 2009…

 

While Afghanistan has achieved some progress on anti-corruption, in particular with regard to legal and institutional reforms, real change remains elusive and political will, in particular, remains doubtful. Public perceptions of the government with regard to corruption continue to be decidedly negative, with blame placed on ISAF and the rest of the international community as well as the government…

 

President Karzai highlighted reintegration and reconciliation as priorities for his second presidential term during his November 2009 inauguration speech, and called for international support of these efforts reiterated at the January 28, 2010 London Conference. The U.S. Government has stated that it supports Afghan-led efforts to assimilate peacefully into Afghan society those who renounce violence, sever all ties with al Qaeda and affiliated terrorist groups, and abide by the Afghan constitution…

 

In the justice sector, there has been little enduring progress despite significant investment toward reform, infrastructure, and training. Courts are understaffed and chronically corrupt. Corruption may be stemmed by ensuring that the salaries for judicial staff are adequate, that an adequate number of defense attorneys exist, and by implementing a case management system and court watch or court monitoring program. Security for judges and prosecutors continues to be a significant problem, especially in RC-South. Despite these challenges, 50% of Afghans said they would take a dispute to a state court, compared to 38% who would take a dispute to a local shura/jirga…

 

Despite recent progress in the end of 2009 and early 2010, all key Border Crossing Points [i.c. met Pakistan]  have serious deficiencies. The highest-rated point – Tor Kham Gate – remains in critical need of attention and is only rated at just over 50% functional.25 Several of the crossing points have no permanent international presence, so reporting on their condition is episodic and incomplete…

 

Gains in infrastructure, particularly transportation, provide a modest outlook for development progress. However, ISAF surveys illustrate persistent low public confidence in government provided services: only 47% are satisfied with electricity, 28% with water, and 27% with roads.

The Ring Road is now 89% complete; however, an Asian Development Bank contract for a 434- kilometer section of road construction in Badghis Province has been terminated due to deteriorating security conditions…

 

There has been some progress in the health and education sectors where the Government of Afghanistan is providing services at the most basic level. Afghans in two-thirds of the districts have access to basic health care, yet hospital care is not widely available and needs to be improved. Afghanistan is one of a handful of countries where polio remains a major health issue and to address this concern a national polio immunization campaign is underway. ..

 

In education development, presently approximately two-thirds of school-age children are attending primary school. However, access to secondary school is minimal and the quality of education remains low at all levels. The education system needs to provide the population with the basic skills needed to grow the economy…


With our assistance, women’s access to health care has risen dramatically since 2001. The number of midwives available to assist with deliveries has quadrupled; the number of health facilities with women health workers has more than doubled. Drug addiction, however, remains a problem among Afghan women and their children…

 

We continue to urge the Afghan Government to protect women leaders and to take seriously threats against women and girls by extremists who try to discourage school attendance by destroying schools or throwing acid on young school girls. To that end, U.S. programs help protect women’s health facilities and young school girls. We are also expanding women’s participation in the security sector through recruitment and protection of women, as well as training on gender-related issues for the Afghan National Police and the Afghan National Army…

 

The CN [Counter-Narcotics] Strategy reflects lessons learned from CN activities from 2004 through 2008 — the most significant being that large-scale eradication targeted toward Afghan poppy farmers was counterproductive and drove farmers to the insurgency. The new strategy places primary focus on interdiction of the nexus between narco-trafficking and the insurgency, but also places a heavy emphasis on agricultural assistance to farmers, with the aim of transitioning them to licit crops, creating jobs, and revitalizing Afghanistan’s historically vibrant agricultural sector. ..

 

The Pakistan Military (PAKMIL) has been involved in nearly continuous operations since June 2009 in the Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP) and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). The PAKMIL currently has close to 150,000 troops deployed to the NWFP and the FATA. Its operations have included offensive and clearing operations, intelligence-based raids, airstrikes, stability operations, and humanitarian support for internally displaced persons. As Pakistan has increased its tempo of operations, the U.S.-Pakistan defense relationship has seen substantial improvements…

Overall, the United States has seen aggregate improvement in relations with the PAKMIL and there have been a series of positive steps taken to dismantle extremist networks and deny terrorists safe havens in Pakistan. There is still much work to be done, but there is a positive trend line toward achieving our overall strategic goals…

 

Iran continues to actively attempt to influence events in Afghanistan through a multi-faceted approach involving support for the Karzai government, economic and cultural outreach to the Afghan population — particularly to minority populations — and covert support for various insurgent and political opposition groups.

Tehran’s support for the Government of Afghanistan is reflected in its diplomatic presence, including high-level visits and key leadership engagements, and in the activities of numerous Iranian NGOs that are present in the country. During the 2009 presidential elections in Afghanistan, Iranian officials met with both President Karzai and his main opponent Abdullah throughout the campaign and worked hard to appear as the deal-maker during the post-election period. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visited Kabul on March 10 and used his public engagements to argue against the presence of foreign military forces in Afghanistan.

Since 2001, Tehran has also pledged over $1 billion in aid to Afghanistan, but has actually disbursed only a fraction of that amount. Iran hosted a large population of Afghan refugees, many of whom have returned, but has used the threat of repatriation of the remainder as a lever to influence the Government of Afghanistan.

Most concerning, Iran continues to provide lethal assistance to elements of the Taliban, although the quantity and quality of such assistance is markedly lower than the assistance provided to Shia militants in Iraq. Tehran’s support to the Taliban is inconsistent with their historic enmity, but fits with its overall strategy of backing many groups to ensure a positive relationship with potential leaders and hedging against foreign presence.

Iran’s historical, cultural, and economic ties with much of western Afghanistan, its religious affinity with Afghan minority groups, and its extensive border with Afghanistan will ensure that Tehran continues to attempt to influence events in Afghanistan for the foreseeable future…

 

The two most significant changes to the ANSF [Afghan National Security Forces] program include improved unity of command through organizational changes to the NATO command structure, including the ISAF (International Security Assistance Force) Joint Command (IJC) and NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan (NTM-A), and the embedding of international forces to partner with the ANSF at all levels to provide mentorship and leadership in the operational environment.

In January 2010, the Joint Coordination Monitoring Board (JCMB) approved the Afghan Government request to establish new end-strength goals for the ANA and ANP of 134,000 and 109,000, respectively, by October 2010, and of 171,600 and 134,000, respectively, by October 2011. One of the most significant challenges to successful execution of the ISAF plan for the growth and development of the ANSF is the shortage of NTM-A institutional trainers. These trainers provide basic and advanced instruction and training to the ANSF along a range of policing and war-fighting skill sets. The U.S. Government has aggressively engaged NATO

Allies and non-NATO partners to contribute forces to fill validated capabilities, as identified by the NATO Combined Joint Statement of Requirements (CJSOR). Without sufficient mentors and trainers, our ability to effectively grow and develop the ANSF is at risk…

The ANA [Afghan national Army]  is continuing to grow at an accelerated rate, focusing on infantry-centric forces to provide immediate security-capable boots-on-the-ground, while consciously delaying development of many of the combat support and combat service support enabler units until a later date. The ANA has, to date, been able to meet its growth goals through improved recruiting and positive trends in retention and attrition. However, there are problems associated with the rapid growth; most prominently, scarce officer and non-commissioned officer (NCO) leadership for new units while maintaining adequate leadership support within existing units. Embedded partnering with international partner units is intended to mitigate some of this leadership risk…

 

The ANP [Afghan National Police]  currently is on track to meeting growth goals, but there is overall concern among the U.S. interagency and the international community regarding the ability of the ANP not only to grow but also to improve the quality of both basic police training and the quality of the fielded force. The MoI, in coordination with NTM-A, has instituted a series of programs to improve recruiting, retention, and attrition of the ANP while also promoting the development of a quality force. These initiatives include establishment of the ANP Recruiting Command and the ANP Training Command to provide structure and oversight in the critical areas of increasing police pay, adding mandatory literacy training to the basic training program, developing Afghan-led Police Training Teams, and embedding international partner units with the ANP…

Finally, in order for the ANSF to successfully transition to security lead, there is a requirement for a minimum acceptable rule of law capacity (i.e., governance, courts, judges, prosecutors, and correctional capacity) to support the security effort. Defining sufficient rule of law capability, and the resources required to achieve it, is outside the scope of this report but is being addressed by the interagency and international community. Without the necessary supporting rule of law structures, the ANP will become ineffective over time. No matter how many police we train or how well we partner with them, without sufficient rule of law and governance, transition will fail…

 

The long-term objective of the United States, and the international community, is to build an ANSF capable of independently providing for the internal and external security needs of Afghanistan. To achieve this goal, we must develop an ANSF that are nationally respected, professional, ethnically balanced, democratically accountable, organized, trained, and equipped to meet the security needs of the country, and increasingly funded by Government of Afghanistan revenue.

Significant changes to the ANSF development program were implemented over the last year. These changes build on the goals of President Obama’s Afghanistan-Pakistan Strategy, announced in March 2009 and refined in December 2009, including the goal of intensifying our training mission to develop increasingly self-reliant Afghan security forces able to take a lead role in the counterterrorism fight and eventually transition to a lead security role. Efforts are consistent with the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) and the 2005 Afghanistan Compact, which defines the political partnership between the Afghan Government and the international community.

A key element of the strategy is an ANSF of sufficient size and capability to eventually assume responsibility for internal and external security within Afghanistan…

 

COMISAF’s initial assessment was completed in August 2009 and was provided to the North Atlantic Council (NAC) and the Secretary of Defense. Based on its size and capabilities, he assessed the ANSF as incapable of countering the resilient insurgency in both the near and long term and recommended increasing the ultimate end-strength of the ANSF, while simultaneously accelerating the current growth rate and improving capacity development.

COMISAF’s assessment acknowledged the risks inherent in rapidly growing the ANSF, including inadequate training, lack of enablers, and inexperienced leadership. To mitigate these risks, ISAF instituted a program of close partnership between operational ISAF forces and the ANSF. This partnering concept is a critical piece of COMISAF’s strategy and requires international partners to fully integrate with the ANSF to execute a full partnership with the shared goal of working together to bring security to the Afghan people…

 

Since May 2009, Afghanistan has received many donations from the international community. Examples of large donations include the following:

For the ANA, the Netherlands donated the funds necessary to purchase more than $14 million worth of winter clothing and gear. Items include 2,593 cold weather boots,

61,022 pieces of organizational clothing, 30,511 field jackets, 30,511 jacket liners, and

20,616 sleep systems…

 

Section 5 – Institutional Trainer and Mentor Status

One of the most significant challenges to the growth and development of the ANSF is the shortage of NTM-A institutional trainers who provide basic and advanced training to the ANSF. With an overall requirement of 2,325 institutional trainers, NTM-A has a current shortfall of 759 personnel. Aggressive engagement by NATO and U.S. senior leadership may have yielded significant potential results against the shortage of trainers (pending confirmation and ultimate deployment of all pledges). NATO Secretary General Rasmussen, Supreme Allied Commander- Europe Admiral Stavridis, and Deputy Supreme Allied Commander-Europe General McColl have engaged Allies and ISAF partners with specific requests for troop contributions to meet these staffing shortfalls.

In addition to the need for institutional trainers, the IJC has a total requirement of 475 Police Operational Mentoring and Liaison Teams (POMLTs) for the ANP and 180 Operational Mentoring and Liaison Team (OMLTs) for the ANA, who embed with ANSF formations in the field and coordinate with international partner units. The current projected requirements shortfall for mentoring teams assigned to the fielded ANSF forces is 17 OMLTs for the ANA and 108 POMLTs for the ANP. The OMLT/POMLT requirements are expected to increase in 2011 with the growth of the ANSF, although the specific requirement has not yet been identified as the final organizational structure for ANA and ANP units is under study.

The United States and NATO have stressed the trainer and mentor requirements during repeated high-level, international engagements including the January 2010 London Conference and the February 2010 NATO Defense Ministerial. NATO held an NTM-A Force Generation Conference in February 2010 to solicit additional contributions against these shortfalls. DoD is currently coordinating a plan with the interagency to identify and demarche regarding the

availability of non-NATO resources to provide mentors and trainers to fill those shortfalls. The United States uses every engagement opportunity to drive home the need for NATO Allies to step up to contribute forces to fill validated NATO requirements. Without these critical mentors and trainers, our ability to effectively grow and develop the ANSF is at risk.

The United States is providing forces to fill a large portion of the training and mentoring requirements in Afghanistan. The President’s March 2009 decision to increase forces in Afghanistan by 30,000 personnel included a brigade combat team specifically tailored for the ANSF training mission. The arrival of the 4th Brigade of the 82nd Airborne Division, in September 2009, included trainers and mentors for both the ANA and ANP. This was the first time the ANP training mission had been specifically sourced with U.S. military personnel, though previously, NTM-A/CSTC-A had redirected U.S. military trainers to provide training capabilities for the ANP. In addition to meeting the need for institutional trainers, the 4th Brigade, 10th Mountain Division, deploying as part of the force uplift approved in December 2009, has been assigned to conduct ANA and ANP training with NTM-A and mentoring in RC- North. One battalion has been assigned to provide basic ANA recruit training while the remainder of the brigade has been assigned to RC-North to provide POMLTs in support of the German civilian police training mission. Finally, the United States has identified short-term solutions to man the most critical NTM-A trainer shortages through October 2010 and will continue to solicit additional resource from both NATO Allies and non-NATO partners…

 

7.1.2: InternationalCoordination

One of the challenges of the ANP Development program is the influence exerted by a large number of stakeholders, including NATO, EUPOL, the United Nations, individual countries, the U.S. Embassy, and many others. Multiple and competing inputs from different actors have often led to a disjointed and confusing approach to police training. One of the main mechanisms in place to help coordinate issues in-country is the International Police Coordination Board, a forum that includes all relevant stakeholders and meets regularly to coordinate activities and de-conflict issues. In addition to meetings of the International Police Coordination Board, there are other sub-groups of the body that routinely meet to discuss issues, one of which is the Senior Police Advisory Group, which is made up of senior law enforcement personnel from international partners. This group provides quality policing advice to our military leadership at CSTC-A and the MoI…

 

7.2.3: ANP Training

Training is a key challenge to building the capacity of the ANP. In recent years, because of the lack of program resourcing, 60-70% of the force was hired and deployed with no formal training (the “recruit-assign” model). ..

 

Training Centers

Currently, basic training of the ANP occurs at 18 training centers. Training of the ABP occurs at four training facilities at U.S. forward operating bases. Several partner countries also conduct police training on or near their Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) sites, including the Czechs in Logar, the Turkish in Wardak, the Dutch in Tarin Kowt, the British in Helmand, and the Germans in several areas throughout the north.

One of the critical aspects of the current ANP growth plan is ensuring sufficient ANP training capacity...

 

7.2.11: Overall Assessment of the ANP

The ANP continues to lag behind the ANA and has made limited progress in CM ratings. In May 2009, the ANP had 24 districts or ANCOP units at CM1, 27 at CM2, and 71 at CM3. As of February 2010, only 26 districts/units are CM1, 64 are CM2, and 100 are CM3. The slow progress of FDD districts police and ANCOP companies achieving CM1 ratings are due to several reasons, as stated above. The lack of Police Mentoring Teams and POMLTs has caused a gap in mentoring in many of these units as many district AUP have no mentors or mentoring teams spread throughout several districts. COMISAF’s embedded partnering should help provide needed assistance for many of these forces. For the AUP and ANCOP, poor retention and high attrition cause district ANP units to constantly be turning over, thus requiring the need for ANP to be retrained. Poor leadership and a scarcity of trained officers and NCOs across the ANP have a large affect on the quality of the ANP forces at the district level as well. For ANCOP, the high operational tempo over the past year with both FDD and operations in the south has negatively affected our ability to man, train, and equip the force. Finally, for the district AUP, the lack of other rule of law improvement in districts also limits the effectiveness of the police. Even when well-trained, AUP units have regressed when a mentoring team has been reassigned…


Report: Still not enough troops for Afghanistan operations

Despite the addition of more than 50,000 U.S. troops to Afghanistan over the past year, there still aren’t enough forces to conduct operations in the majority of key areas, according to a congressionally mandated report released Wednesday on progress in Afghanistan…


The most significant challenge that coalition forces face is fielding enough high-quality Afghan troops and police to assume primary responsibility for security in Afghanistan, the official said. The need for police trainers is particularly pressing…

U.S. Report on Afghan War Finds Few Gains in 6 Months

Report: Afghans still skeptical of new government

Afghan Taliban getting stronger, Pentagon says

Pentagon issues downbeat assessment on Afghanistan

Afghanistan forces face four more years of combat, warns Nato official

Nato’s top civilian official in Afghanistan warns of further deaths in ‘very tough year’ for British and other foreign troops..

British and other Nato troops could be expected to be engaged in combat roles for "another three or four years", he said. Thereafter, they could be expected to remain in Afghanistan, training and mentoring local forces, for a further 10 to 15 years.

Barack Obama has indicated that the number of US troops in Afghanistan – still rising – will begin to fall from July 2011. However, Sedwill suggested that the number of UK forces would not start to shrink at the same time as they would be needed to train Afghan troops. Senior Nato officials say they are seriously concerned about the shortage of experienced troops to train local forces…

 

DOOR DE (i.c. MIJN) BOCHT: LANGER IN URUZGAN BLIJVEN

Advertenties

6 thoughts on “Pentagon nog niet optimistisch over Afghanistan

  1. Mag ik er een tweetje van vandaag onder plakken:"Nog veel vechten en langer dan beloofd, nog zeker vier jaar, zegt hoogste civiele NAVO-vertegenwoordiger in Afghanistan. http://bit.ly/bdKnAN " Link verwijst naar The Guardian.
    (Op mijn andere – http://wekelijks.vkblog.nl – blog elke doordeweeksedag een selectie voor al VS pers, verschillende militaire onderwerpen.)

  2. Als de Afghaanse bevolking zich veiliger voelt dan een jaar geleden is dat blijkbaar te danken aan de Taliban. Die zitten in 3x zoveel regio’s.

  3. Een opmerkelijk rapport van het Pentagon. Kan je indenken hoe erg het in werkelijkheid is.
    Hoe hebben ze de opinie over veiligheid vastgesteld? Was Maurice de Hond een weekje in Afghanistan?

Geef een reactie

Vul je gegevens in of klik op een icoon om in te loggen.

WordPress.com logo

Je reageert onder je WordPress.com account. Log uit / Bijwerken )

Twitter-afbeelding

Je reageert onder je Twitter account. Log uit / Bijwerken )

Facebook foto

Je reageert onder je Facebook account. Log uit / Bijwerken )

Google+ photo

Je reageert onder je Google+ account. Log uit / Bijwerken )

Verbinden met %s