Israel’s toepassen van massaal militair geweld tegen de militair (oneindig) veel zwakkere, maar politiek moeilijk te onderwerpen, verzetsbeweging Hamas in Gaza, paste in haar nieuwe ‘Dahiyah Doctrine’. Volgens deze doctrine mogen bijv. dorpen van waaruit op Israel of Israeliers wordt geschoten, als vijandelijke stellingen worden aangevallen zonder onderscheid te maken tussen militaire- en burgerdoelen.
Feitelijk berust deze doctrine op de ‘Military Activism’ strategie van David Ben Gurion, die ook massaal geweld propageerde als meest effectieve verdediging en afschrikking.
Deze doctrine is onrechtmatig volgens huidig oorlogsrecht vanwege haar disproportionaliteit en het overtreden van de verbodsregels tegen het gebruik van geweld tegen burgers en civiele infrastructuur. Israel meent echter dat nieuwe soorten van oorlog ook nieuwe rechtsregels vergen. Interessante materie voor rechtsgeleerden, maar ondertussen zit men in Gaza letterlijk met de brokken – die ze van Israel niet mogen opruimen. Ongetwijfeld zal deze methode van oorlog voeren onderwerp zijn van verdere debatten over het Goldstone-rapport.
In Afghanistan zijn de Amerikanen en NAVO gaan inzien dat de ‘nevenschade’ van burgerslachtoffers, de bevolking zodanig verbittert, dat het beoogde nuttig politiek effect van militaire acties verloren gaat.
De Zionistische Reut Institute in Tel Aviv levert in deze, ook voor buitenstaanders, belangwekkende analyses t.b.v. Israelische beleidsmakers.
The vision that drives the Reut Institute is one of a secure State of Israel, in Eretz Yisrael, serving as the center of the Jewish world. Its Jewishness synergizes with its democratic values and prosperity, as well as with its role as a leader among the family of nations. This is, to us, 21st Century Zionism and our vision..
The Dahiyah Doctrine refers to an IDF military strategy developed in the aftermath of the Second Lebanon war that focuses on using disproportionate air power and artillery against a seemingly new type of fighting model of non-state terrorist and guerilla organizations…
The operation in the Beit Hanun area in the Northern Gaza Strip highlights the strategic dilemma facing Israel. In Gaza, we are fighting a war that we cannot win. The reason is that a military victory may be a major setback to our national security..
..continued ineffectiveness of IDF operations in the Gaza Strip may be what will eventually bring about ripeness for a political move with the Palestinian side or with Syria. Israelis living through an episode of national security confusion and incoherence, which cannot last forever. Clarity can and should be expected.
Military Activism refers to an Israeli political-security approach developed in the 1950’s by David Ben Gurion which promoted disproportionate military retaliation as the most effective deterrence against Arab violence and viewed international opinion as peripheral to Israel’s vital interest..
The Dahiya doctrine is a concept used in the Israel Defense Forces regarding asymmetric warfare in an urban setting, according to which a conventional army targets civilian infrastructure that is used by terrorists. It is named after a Hizbullah stronghold in Beirut with large apartment buildings doubling as Hizbullah command-and-control centers, which were bombed by the IDF during the 2006 Lebanon War.
Israeli journalist Yaron London opined in 2008 that the Dahiya strategy or doctrine "will become entrenched in our security discourse" following theIranian takeover of Lebanon and the mobilization of the latter country’s entire social infrastructure in support of Hizbullah. London regretted that the doctrine had not taken hold following Israel’s withdrawal from Lebanon or Israel’s disengagement from Gaza. He also argued that the strategy "is the customary doctrine adopted by most Arabs," who view ‘Zionists’ as criminals, yet regard all of Israel’s citizens as ‘Zionists.’
The 2009 Goldstone report argued that IDF Northern Command Chief Gadi Eisenkot "expressed the premise of the doctrine" in remarks made in 2008. He said: "What happened in the Dahiya quarter of Beirut in 2006 will happen in every village from which Israel is fired on. […] We will apply disproportionate force on it and cause great damage and destruction there. From our standpoint, these are not civilian villages, they are military bases. […] This is not a recommendation. This is a plan. And it has been approved."
GOLDSTONE FACTS – The Real Story behind Israel’s Invasion of Gaza
The Delegitimization Challenge: Creating a Political Firewall (Reut Institute)
This report analyzes and provides a conceptual response to the erosion in Israel’s diplomatic status over the past few years, which reached its peak with the Goldstone report . This attack possesses strategic significance, and may develop into a comprehensive existential threat within a few years..
Reading the summary of this report gives one the sense of listening in on a bunch of generals and intelligence officers plotting Israel’s global strategy against the bad guys. Of course, the main problem is that the bad guys aren’t just the ones hiding in caves in Pakistan or building bombs to kill Israeli civilians. For Reut, the bad guys are, well–you and me. That’s what makes this report so monstrous. Yes, I use that term deliberately because this isn’t some document produced by David Horowitz or Moshe Feiglin, a bunch of crazy loons no one takes seriously. This is a manual for Israeli pols and spooks outlining how to fight the enemy. And I gotta tell ya, when they say enemy, they mean it literally. We are in the cross hairs along with all the usual suspects like Hamas, Hezbollah, etc. This is pro-Israel paranoia and it strikes deep:
Paranoia strikes deep
Into your heart it will creep
It starts when you’re always afraid
Step out of line, the Man come and take you away.
–For What It’s Worth, Buffalo Springfield
Just like the IDF made no distinction between civilians and fighters in Gaza, the new tack by Reut seems to treat all Israel’s critics as, if not terrorist, then fellow travelers and accomplices. The rhetoric is feverish, apocalyptic. You’ll notice how many times the word “existential” is used in the Bibiesque context.
The only truth in the entire report is the introduction which posits that the greatest danger to Israel in the recent past has been the Gaza and Lebanon wars because they have served to unify Israel’s enemies as never before. But every idea proceeding from this thesis is bogus starting here:..
Next week, or the week after, Barack Obama may well see intelligence reports of tank battalions moving south and west along Israeli highways, and whole infantry brigades setting up camp in the western Negev.
The countdown to the Second Gaza War has begun in earnest. Date it, if you like, to Sunday, and a coolly terrifying analysis by Yom Tov Samia, former overall Israeli military commander of the Gaza Strip and the adjacent Negev.
Or date it, if you prefer, according to the axiom of contemporary Israeli history which reads: A future war becomes all but inevitable the moment a key IDF reserve major general declares it so.
Alternatively, date it from the moment that selective amnesia allows Israeli political figures to court the illusion that Hamas can be invaded to death.
All this and more was to be had from an interview Samia gave Army Radio this week, which should give pause not only to the Palestinians and Israelis who may fall victim to a Second Gaza War, but to Washington as well.
If last year’s brutal fighting is any indication – and there is every reason to believe that it is – a full-on drive to prevent the looming Israel-Hamas confrontation in the Strip belongs at the top tier of Obama’s already staggering pile of priorities.
Another Gaza war, this one likely to be an even more bitter onslaught, could not only prove lethal to what is left of Israeli moral credibility, it could undermine and cripple Obama’s military-political offensives in Iraq, Afghanistan and, slipping further down the slope, Yemen...
In the Mideast, dreams can only end badly. Not because messianic messages are, in and of themselves, bad dreams, but because of the nature of this place, the history which is as much imagination as it is record, as much sacred hallucination as it is shared memory. And because the dreamers of this place fail again and again because they are under the illusion that they are realists…
In this regard, there is perhaps no better time than this to review Israel’s 10 Worst Mistakes of the Last 10 Years:
1. The Siege of Gaza – The stated goal of the siege was to undermine Hamas and to goad Gazans into rejecting Hamas rule. The effect of the siege has been to focus and intensify Palestinian anger against Israel, increase Gazans’ dependency on Hamas social welfare arms, enrich Hamas coffers through tunnel taxation and foreign donations, and sap Palestinian support for Fatah, which, through its back-channel encouragement for the siege, is seen as a betrayer and a boot-licker in the eyes of many Palestinians…
10. The Siege of Gaza – The siege corrupts the moral values of all Israelis, who, whether or not they are aware of what is being done to the people of Gaza, bear ultimate responsibility for all acts being carried out in their name.
February 21, 2010 "Newsweek" — Feb 19, 2010 – The chief author of the Bush administration’s "torture memo" told Justice Department investigators that the president’s war-making authority was so broad that he had the constitutional power to order a village to be "massacred," according to a report released Friday night by the Office of Professional Responsibility…
Members of the European Parliament have backtracked from their plan to pass a resolution demanding implementation of the Goldstone report, in response to pressure from European Jewish leaders, Haaretz has learned.
After leaders of all the major EP parties had agreed on the wording of a draft demanding implementation of the controversial document – which accused Israel of war crimes in Gaza last year and proposed prosecuting Israeli officials in the International Criminal Court – the European Union’s legislative body was scheduled to vote on the measure Wednesday…
"The European Jewish Congress played an important role in blocking the legitimization of the Goldstone report," an official from the Foreign Ministry said Tuesday.
Instead of voting on one joint resolution, the parliamentarians may now vote on six different proposed resolutions and stick with the one that gets the most votes. But the draft expected to receive the most votes is that of the European People’s Party (Christian Democrats), the largest grouping. Instead of demanding the report’s implementation, it calls for both parties, Israel and Hamas, to investigate accusations of war crimes…
EU member states have so far been divided in their approach to the Goldstone report in international forums. Italy and Holland voted in the General Assembly against adopting the report, while France and Britain abstained. Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt, meanwhile, has praised it…
..Critics both inside and outside Israel denounce what they — and at least one senior Israeli Army commander — have called the “Dahiya doctrine,” referring to the intention to inflict immense damage and destruction, an approach that would inevitably lead to civilian deaths.
A recent report by the Public Committee Against Torture in Israel, a local advocacy group, pointed to what it called a “significant change” in the Israeli military’s combat doctrine. It said the shift was legally and politically dangerous and cast a “moral stain” on Israeli citizens, and it called for public debate.
But Israeli officials and security experts contend that other Western countries are facing similar challenges in their conflicts abroad. What must change, they say, is not the Israeli military’s conduct but the interpretation and application of the laws of war by the rest of the world.
In the meantime, Mr. Siboni said, Israel’s wars “may produce more Goldstones, but that may be the price you have to pay.”
The decline in Israel’s reputation since the brutal attack on the Gaza flotilla is unlikely to influence the country’s leaders
..One would have thought that Israel’s drastic decline in international reputation would prompt new thinking by its leaders. But the responses to the attack on the flotilla in the past few days indicate clearly that there is no hope for any significant shift in the official position. A firm commitment to continue the blockade, and a heroes’ welcome to the soldiers who pirated the ship in the Mediterranean, show that the same politics would continue for a long time.
This is not surprising. The Barak-Netanyahu-Avigdor Lieberman government does not know any other way of responding to the reality in Palestine and Israel. The use of brutal force to impose your will and a hectic propaganda machine that describes it as self-defence, while demonising the half-starved people in Gaza and those who come to their aid as terrorists, is the only possible course for these politicians. The terrible consequences in human death and suffering of this determination do not concern them, nor does international condemnation.
The real, unlike the declared, strategy is to continue this state of affairs. As long as the international community is complacent, the Arab world impotent and Gaza contained, Israel can still have a thriving economy and an electorate that regards the dominance of the army in its life, the continued conflict and the oppression of the Palestinians as the exclusive past, the present and future reality of life in Israel. The US vice-president Joe Biden was humiliated by the Israelis recently when they announced the building of 1,600 new homes in the disputed Ramat Shlomo district of Jerusalem, on the day he arrived to try to freeze the settlement policy. But his unconditional support now for the latest Israeli action makes the leaders and their electorate feel vindicated…