A Diplomatic Offensive for Iraq (The Brookings Institution)

U.S. policy on Iraq must address both diplomatic and military strategy together to realize any chance for sustainable peace. That was one of the central themes of the bipartisan Iraq Study Group report, yet the need for a diplomatic strategy to achieve a political settlement among warring Iraqis has largely been ignored in the debate on whether to "surge" or "withdraw" troops. U.S. troops in Iraq should aim to provide the security needed to create a political environment to negotiate a peace agreement to end the Iraq War. Throughout recent history, civil wars characterized by insurgency and guerilla fighting have required political settlements to achieve peace. Moreover, weak and failed states have required external assistance to achieve effective self-governance. An urgent and energetic international political effort with focused mediation is required to complement military deployments to Iraq. Both need to advance together to create the basis for sustainable peace. This mediation should be an intensive and well-coordinated joint effort of the United States, the United Nations, and the European Union A Diplomatic Offensive for Iraq (by Carlos Pascual and Larry Diamond for The Brookings Institution) The State of Iraq: An Update (The New York Times, June 10, 2007) blog ‘Irak-crisis’


3 thoughts on “A Diplomatic Offensive for Iraq (The Brookings Institution)

  1. Helaas wordt van dit instituut ook al weer beweerd dat het in joodse handen is.
    Gezien de macht van AIPAC in de VS kan ook niet worden verwacht dat een geluid wat tegen de zionistische/ neocon plannen ingaat bekendheid krijgt.
    Het weigeren van de benoeming van de kritische joodse historicus Norman Finkelstein in vaste dienst is weer een indicator van de macht van de VS joodse leiders.

  2. Het gaat niet zozeer om de macht van ‘de joodse leiders’, maar om de angst voor fanatieke zionisten en de rotzooi die ze als onredelijke haatzaaiers kunnen trappen.
    In de affaire Finkelstein blijkt het fanatisme van een enkele zionistische idioot het bestuur van de universiteit zo te hebben geschokt dat ze de benoeming van een man die conflicten oproept hebben opgeschort.
    Op de FINKELSTEIN-website trof ik deze veelzeggende reactie aan:
    "As a student at Harvard Law School who has had the opportunity to hear both Professor Alan Dershowitz and Professor Norman Finkelstein speak on campus in the past three years I was shocked and disappointed to note that you appear to have listened more to Dershowitz than to your very own students and faculty..
    I and many of my peers at Harvard Law School have been deeply unimpressed by Professor Dershowitz’s one-man crusade against Finkelstein, and feel that his personal vendetta has done next to nothing to advance legal scholarship. That you would encourage such adolescent and irresponsible behavior by caving to Dershowitz’s howling and threats is a disservice to your university, a mark of shame upon your office…" Nathan Ela
    Doodgewone angst voor rotzooitrappers dus. Buigen voor de macht van de straat. Precies zoals de universiteitsbestuurders dat hier in de jaren 70 deden. Zionisten heetten toen ‘marxisten’ en ze joegen kritische studenten en hoogleraren weg…

  3. AIPAC zet iedere senator en afgevaardigde uit z’n baantje die iets anti Israelisch (of anti neocon) durft te doen.
    VPRO Tegenlicht bracht dit helder in de documentaire over AIPAC.
    Maar voor wat betreft de VS is er hoop, zoals blijkt uit het onderstaande artikel.
    De lyrische woorden in de Israelische pers over Sarkozy, ‘stamt uit een oud Grieks joods geslacht’, doen evenwel, Lord Levy in Engeland, Duitsland nog steeds bezet, het ergste vrezen voor Europa.
    Sarkozy wil nu evenveel bewakingcameras in Frankrijk als de Britten al hebben.
    Misschien krijgen we nog eens een camerastorm, vergelijkbaar met de middeleeuwse beeldenstorm.
    March 5, 2005
    Posted 1:00 AM Eastern
    Economists and precious metals experts throughout the country who track market indicators and money trends worldwide, are wondering why the American people continue to ignore what they call "hard facts" that America’s "recovering" economy is nothing more than a smokescreen to cover up the continued "borrowing to spend" practices of Congress. These experts warn that when the bubble finally bursts, it will make 1929 look like a walk in the park.
    Last week saw jittery investors as the euro hit $1.32 and the dollar tumbled – again. The U.S. currency continues to fall in dangerous levels against rival currencies throughout the world. Asian banks have traditionally held their reserves in U.S. dollar denominated U.S. Treasury securities.
    The U.S. dollar’s weakness up against the euro pushed up gold last week to around $431 a troy ounce. Oil has once again jumped over the $51.00 per barrel mark. Crude is expected to remain in the $45-$50 dollar range throughout 2005.
    Last week, billionaire investor, George Soros, who spent tens of millions of dollars to unseat George Bush, Jr., in the last election, warned at a recent conference in Saudi Arabia that if Middle East oil exporters and Russia would switch some of their revenues from dollars to euros, it could push the U.S. to a "tipping point." Billionaires like Warren Buffett have been buying up gold at a rate that most Americans can’t even relate to, but those in the industry say Americans should pay attention when someone like Buffett is giving up the paper for gold.
    Tension in currency and stock markets last week were prompted over Sir Alan Greenspan’s testimony in front of Congress and worries that a rise in inflation could promopt the nation’s bank, the Federal Reserve to step up interest rate increases.
    In his recent column, ‘Four Fed Hikes and a Funeral,’ Ron Kirby had this to say about one of the government’s largest debt obligations:
    "The myth of the social security trust fund died last week. The lack of candor not withstanding, on the part of his eminence – Easy Al Greenspan; enough layers of the onion were peeled back that it was revealed for once and for all – more rotten onion. Actually, for those who could still bear to watch and listen without crying, they learned that the system is, in fact, worse than broke. Admittedly, a heck of a lot of folks still don’t get it. This fact is pointedly articulated by Jim Puplava in his Financial Sense Newshour [Feb 19 -1st hr] and his take on Alan Greenspan’s semi annual testimony to law makers up on Capitol Hill last week. Listening to the Big Easy explain the state of solvency [or lack thereof] to the esteemed Congresswoman-D, N.Y., Carolyn Maloney last week provided us all [as if it was needed] with conclusive evidence as to the lengths he will go to – to twist, pervert and otherwise obfuscate our reality. I use the term “our reality” only because I know, in my heart of hearts, the man really knows better."
    Bob Chapman, known for his uncanny accuracy in predicting the markets and the financial pulse of America’s economy, had this to say in his International Forecaster newsletter:
    "Over the past decade, productivity growth on average has been about 2-1/2%, which is historically normal. It has not been 4-5% as described by government statistics and Sir Alan Greenspan. This is simply another lie in the process of psychological warfare, which is used to brainwash the American public. There has been no productivity miracle, but there has been a budget and current account balance disaster. Real rates of return on investment have not come from productivity but from the use of third world slave labor. It is similar to profits of the opium trade between India and China, which British and American families engaged in during the 19th century. This is how the great American fortunes were begun and how the British Royal Family became enormously rich.
    "This exodus of manufacturing capabilities over these ten years has caused US exports to drop from 24% of GDP to 13% of GDP. As this transpired, deficits continued to grow and naturally the dollar began its decent. That decent was not allowed to occur until five years ago, because prior to that the Clinton administration via Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin artificially increased or stabilized the dollar. That was accomplished via the working Group on Financial Markets and the Federal Reserve’s monetary policy, the use of the repo pool and the suppression of gold prices. This false dollar value caused imports to exceed exports by some 50%.
    "Cheap foreign goods become even cheaper and that excited the Fed because it suppressed inflation. There was an assist as well as exporters began to accumulate large dollar balances, which they in turn used to buy US Treasuries and agencies, which continued to allow the profligate spending of the American consumer. The result was a relentlessly rising trade and current account deficit. This easy money and credit underwritten by foreigners and the Federal Reserve exacerbated the situation by allowing spending to exceed income as real wages fell under the pressure of outsourcing and illegal immigration. In order to maintain their lifestyle, consumers have fallen deeper and deeper into debt. The Bureau of Labor Statistics tells us that hedonically our inflation is 3.3%, when in fact it is considerably higher. That phantom inflation has bitten deeply into consumer purchasing power.
    "Under free trade and globalization, the more we import the less we produce. We can never compete with third world wages. That is why we always had tariffs, duties and imports. Had we not had them, America would have never prospered over the last 225 years. America’s economy would have always been inundated with cheap foreign goods and our standard of living would be that of a third world country.
    "When we import goods our purchasing power falls and no real wealth is built within our country, and as you well know our jobs are shipped to the third world. Furthermore, we do not need cheap goods. We did just fine before those cheap goods were allowed to arrive in such numbers. If we do not stop free trade and the machinations of WTO and NATA or CAFTA and FTAA, were they to become law, we would be doomed. Generally, both political parties back these treaties and amnesty. Our elected representatives know in most cases over 60% of their constituents are opposed to these issues, yet they continually vote for them."
    Not everyone is enamored of the privately owned Federal Reserve Banking system. Several years ago, the Von Mises Institute at Auburn Univeristy commented, "Today the Fed attempts to coordinate world-wide inflation as the major banks once attempted to coordinate nationwide inflation. The major banks once agreed among themselves to bail out bankrupt banks to prop up the domestic financial system; now the Fed bails out central banks of other countries to prop up the entire international financial system. The logical end of this monetary interventionism is a single world-wide central bank with unlimited, coordinated inflation: in short, the dream of John Maynard Keynes. "But why would anyone desire this, especially after a century of Fed-caused inflation, business cycles, world wars, welfarism, statism, financial insecurity, and cultural collapse? Government and its connected interests do, but for everyone else, it would be a disaster, no matter what Alan Greenspan says." It would appear that the same conditions exist today and that not much "recovery" has been made, but in fact, the debt load continues to stagger even long time market investors and econonomists.
    Pros say their position is right on the mark and the worst is yet to come. Before the crash in 1929, the premier economists of the time who supported the monetary policies of the day, reassured the American people that all was well at Wall & Broad. History shows they were dead wrong. While most Americans believe the 1929 stock market crash caused the Great Depression of the ’30s, others point to the actual cause being the Federal Reserve’s manipulating the money supply during the 1920s and 1930s.
    Despite the ability for the central bank to print up paper that has no value (fiat currency), many are worried that even with all this flooding of "prop up" money by the FED, will it be enough to meet the extreme challenges in a few years when the baby boomer retire with an immediate debt load of $71 trillion dollars? Since there is no money in the U.S. Treasury and all income tax dollars go to pay the central bank for borrowing by Congress so they can continue to spend, only time will tell if America is indeed headed for a severe depression.
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